These are some teaching strategies for classroom management. An effective classroom management strategy begins during the first week of school. Teachers must define for students and parents what is considered appropriate classroom behavior.
Once the rules and procedures are clearly outlined for the students, it is a good idea to have students and parents sign a behavioral contract that communicates the expected standards in the classroom, as students and parents will inevitably say that they were not aware that a specific disruptive behavior was prohibited in your classroom. A behavioral contract notifies all those involved of your expectations and forces students to be responsible for any disruptive actions. Be selective about the rules you set forth.
Some rules, like fighting, cursing, and damaging property, are common sense standards that the students should recognize as universal no-no’s from classroom to classroom. Other rules, like chewing gum, listening to electronic devices, or raising hands before speaking, vary from class to class, so, as the teacher of your classroom, you must decide what you can or can’t tolerate on a daily basis.
As a general rule, it is a good idea to prohibit any behaviors that inhibit your instruction. It is important to set forth a strategic plan of action for students that stray from expectations. Many administrators ask that teachers devise an escalating action plan for disciplinary issues in the classroom. These disciplinary action plans usually begin with verbal interventions, ideally done in private to avoid confrontation, and then escalate to parent involvement, and eventually progress to administrative intervention if the disruptive behaviors continue.
Administrators want to ensure that every available interceptive strategy has been explored by a teacher before escalating disciplinary action against a student. Once classroom rules and procedures are set in stone, the teacher must remain consistent in enforcing the rules and following the strategies for intervention. The teacher must enforce the rules and regulations each and every day. Without consistency, the rules are just a set of meaningless words that hold no water for students. The rules must apply equally to each and every student in the classroom, as students are keenly aware of inequity or favoritism.
The teacher gains credibility with students by consistently recognizing and enforcing classroom rules and procedures. Most students understand that they are at school to learn; they appreciate teachers that provide them with a quiet and safe learning environment. Just as teachers must react to disruptive behavior, they must likewise recognize students’ good behavior through positive reinforcement. Let students know when they are behaving properly, so they can be aware of what is expected of them. It is good for students to know that you are not fixedly observing them for negative or disruptive behavior, but are equally receptive to their positive behaviors.
While teachers should handle disruptive students privately, in the hallway or after class, positive reinforcement and praise should be publically acknowledged for every student to witness. Other students may choose to mimic these positive behaviors, as everyone enjoys praise. These teaching strategies for classroom management almost always work, just remember to remain consistant.